2,800-Year-Old Artificial Pigment Puzzles Quantum Physicists -

***Fundraising time - Merry Christmas to all.  First of all, we may have fallen on a source of income that may well take over from our fundraising efforts.  In order to do this one, I have to come up with an addition $110, so added onto the deficit, I am now looking for a total of $460, and if we get it, I won't have to ever come back for help from our readers.  

I have disliked asking as much as I would hate running ads, so believe me when I say that this will end all of that if you can help us out one more time.   I will tell you more about this opportunity later and why I selected it.  As usual I need the $110 as soon as possible, to get started as soon as possible, and the balance of $350 by the first of the month of the new year.  Thank you for all your support during these turbulent times.  May God bless you in a very special way.

Vatic Note:  Very fascinating mystery in more ways than one.   For instance, how come only elite institutions were involved in all this below?  Stanford,  The Smithsonian that hid the finds in the caves on the Colorado river Running through the Grand Canyon,  The British Museum, The Los Alamos labs, and University of Tokyo.  We did a blog on those various institutions as well. 

So, if these are globalist controlled institutions, then the question becomes "Why are they releasing this info now?  Why not earlier in the 1990's when it all came out?"  Well, here goes speculation on my part.   Again, I ask, "what is it that we know for sure?"

First:  We know that China is currently under the control of the international bankers through educating 3,000 of the Chinese leaders in Oxford, which is the home of all secret societies.  And Rothschild's Goldman Sachs is China's exclusive international brokerage house.  It was Goldman Vomit that  got American manufacturing to move to china to take advantage of the slave labor there. 

Second: We know that these elitists intend to use alien invasion as an excuse to globalize as laid out in the 1966 iron Mountain report and more recently, in the 90's, a navy intel officer found top secret classified documents about fabricating a bogus alien invasion. He also said there were good guy aliens and the powers that be were going to get us to fight them by saying they were the bad guys. 

Because he was killed, it is hard to confirm that contention he made. His name was Bill Cooper.  He was then killed for his exposing their intentions to do so. This find below has "alien technology written all over it" and they would like us to conclude that is the case.  When the aliens show up to fight us, then we will know we were correct.  Do not fight the good guys for them, rather, fight our domestic enemies.

Third:   We know the Chinese leadership will cooperate with the globalists since they are part of those involved, the Illum bloodlines.  Remember one of the 13 blood lines is the Li family and we did a blog on them several years ago. I just went to put the link up for you on these Chinese leaders who are traitors to their own people, and the link was gutted after I had found it and reread it.  I went back to pull it up again to post the link and it was all gone.  So, I will have to reconstruct and give you the link later.  (I decided to give you the link to the source of the Li family connection to the bloodlines and will repost it later on my blog)

Give what we know for a fact, then it is safe to assume, these people are doing nothing that benefits the people of the planet, rather it will benefit them in meeting their agenda for globalizing, or put money and or power in their pockets.   They are not noted for their idealism or care for the less fortunate or their awareness of the concept of "humanity".  If anything, they wish to get rid of our humanity.

No matter what the truth it,  its a fascinating read.  If its all bogus, then its a fascinating read anyway and the creator is very good.  LOL

2,800-Year-Old Artificial Pigment Puzzles Quantum Physicists - 
Admin,  Humans Are Free,   November, 2014

Han purple is an artificial pigment created by the Chinese over 2,500 years ago, which was used in wall paintings and to decorate the famous terracotta warriors, as well as ceramics, metal ware, and jewelry.

The pigment is a technological wonder, made through a complex process of grinding up raw materials in precise proportions and heating to incredible temperatures.

So intricate was the process, that it was not reconstructed again until 1992, when chemists were finally able to identify its composition. But this was just the beginning.

According to a news report on io9.com, research since then has discovered amazing properties of Han purple, including the ability to emit powerful rays of light in the near-infrared range, as well as being able to collapse three dimensions down to two under the right conditions.

The production of Han purple, otherwise known as Chinese purple, dates back as far as 800 BC, however it appears that it was not used in art until the Qin and Han dynasties (221 BC – 220 AD), when it was applied to the world famous terracotta warriors, as well as ceramics and other items.
“Prior to the nineteenth century, when modern production methods made synthetic pigments common, there were only hugely expensive purple dyes, a couple of uncommon purplish minerals, and mixtures of red and blue, but no true purple pigment – except during a few hundred years in ancient China,” writes Samir S. Patel in ‘Purple Reign: How ancient Chinese chemists added color to the Emperor’s army’.
For an unknown reason, Han purple disappeared entirely from use after 220 AD, and was never seen again until its rediscovery by modern chemists in the 1990s.

Traces of Han purple can still be seen on many of the terracotta warriors (realhistoryww.com)

The Synthesis of Han Purple

Unlike natural dyes, such as Tyrian purple (from c. 1500 BC), which are organic compounds and typically made from plants or animals, like the murex snail, Han purple was a synthetic pigment made from inorganic materials.

Only two other man-made blue or purple pigments are known to have existed in the ancient world – Maya blue (from c. 800 AD), made from a heated mixture of indigo and white clay, and Egyptian blue, which was used throughout the Mediterranean and the Near and Middle East from 3,600 BC to the end of the Roman Empire.

Scientist Elisabeth FitzHugh, a conservator at the Smithsonian, was the first to identify the complex synthetic compound that makes up Han purple – barium copper silicate, a compound that differs from Egyptian blue only through its use of barium instead of calcium.

"Egyptian blue" tripodic beaker (Wikimedia). The composition of Han purple differs from Egyptian blue only in the use of barium instead of calcium.

The similarities between Han purple and Egyptian blue led some early researchers to conclude that the Chinese may have learned to make the pigment from the Egyptians. However, this theory has been largely discounted as Egyptian blue was not found further East than Persia.
“There is no clear reason why the Chinese, if they had learned the Egyptian formula, would have replaced calcium with barium, which necessitates increasing the firing temperature by 100 degrees or more,” writes Patel.
So how exactly did the Chinese stumble upon the intricate formula to make Han purple, which involved combining silica (sand) with copper and barium in precise proportions and heating to about 850-1000 °C?

A team of Stanford physicists published a paper in the Journal of Archaeological Science (summary here), which proposes that Han purple was a by-product of the glass-making process, as both glass and the purple pigment contain silica and barium. 

Io9.com writes that barium makes glass shinier and cloudy, which means this pigment could be the work of early alchemists trying to synthesize white jade.

Fluorescent properties

Since its composition was first discovered, scientists have continued to investigate this unique pigment. Researchers at the British Museum discovered that, when exposed to a simple LED flashlight, Han purple emits powerful rays of light in the near-infrared range.

According to their study, published in the journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, the Han purple pigments show up with startling clarity under the right conditions, meaning that even faint traces of the color, which are invisible to the naked eye, can be seen with infrared sensors.

A Western Han ceramic bowl from Hebei or Hanan province (Avery Brundage Collection, asianart.org), which contains traces of Han purple. The purple pigment becomes strongly fluorescent under infrared sensors (right).

Han Purple and the collapsing of dimensions

The fluorescent properties of Han purple were not the only surprise. Quantum physicists from Stanford, Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Institute for Solid State Physics (University of Tokyo) reported that when Han purple is exposed to extreme cold and a high magnetic field, the chemical structure of the pigment enters a new state called the quantum critical point, in which three-dimension material ‘loses’ a dimension.
"We have shown, for the first time, that the collective behavior in a bulk three-dimensional material can actually occur in just two dimensions," Ian Fisher, an assistant professor of applied physics at Stanford said in the Stanford Report.

"Low dimensionality is a key ingredient in many exotic theories that purport to account for various poorly understood phenomena, including high-temperature superconductivity, but until now there were no clear examples of 'dimensional reduction' in real materials."
The scientists have proposed that this effect is due to the fact that the components of  barium copper silicate are arranged like layers of tiles, so they don't stack up neatly. Each layers' tiles are slightly out of sync with the layer below them. This may frustrate the wave and force it to go two dimensional.

The researchers have said the discovery may help understand the required properties of new materials, including more exotic superconductors.

The strange collapsing of dimensions may be due to the mismatched layers of its components. (John D. Griffin, Michael W. Davidson, Sara Vetteth and Suchitra E. Sebastian, Stanford

Fisher said, 
“Han Purple was first synthesized over 2,500 years ago, but we have only recently discovered how exotic its magnetic behavior is. It makes you wonder what other materials are out there that we haven't yet even begun to explore."
By April Holloway, Ancient Origins; Cover image: Detail of a mural from an Eastern Han tomb (25 – 220 AD) at Zhucun, Luoyang, Henan province. The painting utilizes Han purple and Han blue pigment (Wikipedia).

This article is published with the permission of Ancient-Origins.net. They release the most up to date news and articles relating to ancient human origins, archaeology, anthropology, lost civilizations, scientific mysteries, sacred writings, ancient places and more. - See more at: http://humansarefree.com/2014/11/2800-year-old-artificial-pigment.html#sthash.U4e0SZv2.dpuf

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